Road Network Operations
& Intelligent Transport Systems
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Acronyms

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5

5W+H

Who, Why, What, When, Where, How

A

AASHTO

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

ACC

Adaptive Cruise Control

ADAS

Advanced Driver Assistance System

ADMS

Archived Data Management System

AI

Artificial Intelligence

AID

Automatic Incident Detection

ANPR

Automatic Number Plate Recognition

APTS

Advanced Public Transport Systems

ATIS

Advanced Traveller Information Systems

ATMS

Advanced Traffic Management Systems

C

C2C

Centre to Centre

C2F

Centre-to-Field

CALM

Communications Access for Land Mobiles

CCTV

Closed Circuit Television

CEN

Comité Européen de Normalisation

CMS

Communications Management System

CORBA

Common Object Request Broker Architecture

D

DATEX

Data Exchange

DBOM

Design Build Operate and Maintain

DR

Disaster Recovery (IT systems) or Detection Rate (AID)

DSRC

Dedicated Short Range Communication

DSS

Decision Support System

E

EC

European Commission

EGNOS

European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service

ERT

Emergency Roadside Telephone

ESoP

European Statement of Principles

F

FA

False Alarm

FAR

False Alarm Rate

FESTA

Field Operational Tests Networking and Methodology Promotion project

FHWA

Federal Highway Administration

G

GIS

Graphical Information System

GNSS

Global navigation satellite systems

GPS

Global Positioning System

GUI

Graphical User Interface

H

HAR

Highway Advisory Radio

HMI

Human Machine Interface or Human Machine Interaction

I

IBEC

International Benefit, Evaluation and Cost Working Group

ICT

Information and Communication Technologies

IDA

Incident Detection Algorithm

IHRA-ITS

International Harmonized Research Activities - ITS Working group

ILD

Inductive Loop Detector

IM

Incident Management

IP

Internet Protocol

ISO

International Standardisation Organisation

IT

Information Technology

ITA

International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association

ITS

Intelligent Transport Systems

J

JAMA

Japanese Automobile Manufacturers Association

K

KBEST

Knowledge-based Expert System

L

LBS

Location-based Services

M

MANETS

Mobile Adhoc Networks

MEMS

Micro-Electromechanical Systems

MMS

Maintenance Management System

MNO

Mobile Network Operator

MPEG

Motion Picture Expert Group

N

NHTSA

National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (in USA)

NTCIP

National Transportation Communications for Intelligent Transportation System Protocol

O

OCR

Optical Character Recognition

OMU

Outstation Monitoring Unit

P

PMR

Private Mobile Radio

PMS

Performance Monitoring System

PTW

Powered Two Wheeler

PTZ

Pan Tilt and Zoom

R

RDS-TMC

Radio Data System-Traffic Message Channel

RF

Radio Frequency

RFID

Radio Frequency Identification

RNO

Road Network Operations

RNO

Road Network Operator

RSU

Recommendations for Safe Use (see ESoP)

S

SANRAL

South African National Roads Agency

SMPS

Speed Map Panel System

T

TIM

Traffic & Incident Management

TMC

Traffic Management Centre

TS

Technical Specification (a type of standard)

TTD

Time To Detect

U

UCD

User-Centred Design

UK DfT

United Kingdom Department for Transport

UNECE

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

UPS

Uninterruptable Power Supply

US DOT

United States Department of Transportation

V

V2I

Vehicle-to-Infrastructure

V2V

Vehicle-to-Vehicle

V2X

Vehicle-to-Device

VAN

Vehicle Area Network

VIP

Video Image Processing

VMS

Variable Message Sign

VoIP

Voice Over IP

VRM

Vehicle Registration Mark

W

WIM

Weigh-In Motion

WMO

World Meteorological Organisation

WP29

Working Party 29 (of UNECE)

WSDO

Washington State Department of Transportation